One of the most prevalent themes in, â€œTheir eyes were watching Godâ€ is Jamieâ€™s undivided quest for love and independence. Jamie has a goal throughout the novel to find spiritual enlightenment and reach the â€œhorizonâ€.
She went through several relationships and chimerical thoughts to do this, through her grandmother nanny and her three husbands. However, her third husband, tea cake plays a less substantial role in the novel but a significant role in Jamie quest to reach her dream of love, independency and security within herself.In the beginning of the book, Hurston foreshadows the issue of Jamieâ€™s quest for love. â€œShe was stretched on her back beneath the pear tree soaking in the alto chant of the visiting bees, the gold of the sun and the panting breath of the breeze and the inaudible voice of it all came to her. She was a dust bearing bee sink into the sanctum of a bloom; the thousand sister-calyxes arch to meet the love embrace and the ecstatic shiver of the tree from root to the tiniest branch and creaming in every blossom and frothing with delight.
So this was marriage! (pg. 11).Hurston is foreshadowing the central issue of her novel; Jamieâ€™s quest to reach her horizon. The unification of the bee and flower is the fulfillment and reflection of love that Jamie desires through her give and take love relationships throughout the novel.
In Jamieâ€™s begging quest for love she meets her first husband Logan, in which she is tricked in to the illusion of love by her nanny. â€œCause you told me Ah mus gointer love him, and, and Ah donâ€™t Maybe if somebody was to tell me how, Ah could do itâ€ (pg. 23).Jamie realizes that nanny portrayed love as money and respect, but Janie wanted both emotional and physical love in which Logan couldnâ€™t provide.Jamie starts meeting a man named Joe Starks who she is an essential alteration in her loveless marriage. â€œ Every day after that they managed to meet in the scrub oaks across the road and talk about when he would be a big ruler of things with her reaping the benefits. Janie pulled backa long time because he did not represent sun-up and pollen and blooming trees, but he spoke for far horizonâ€ ( pg.
29). I Janieâ€™s eyes Joe could be her horizon that she is searching for. Janie decides to end her loveless marriage and she believes that Joe is going to represent the bee, or love that she doesnâ€™t have in her life. â€œFrom now until death she was going to have flower dust and springtime sprinkled over everything. A bee for her bloomâ€ ( pg. 32) Joe Sparks dismantles Janieâ€™s dreams of love and independence by constant harassment and oppression of her beauty. He restricts Janie of her rights to be what she wants to be and turns their marriage in to another loveless marriage.
â€œShe had no more blossomy openings dusting pollen over her man, neither any glistening young fruit where the petals used to beâ€ ( pg. 72).Janie quest for love has been suspended once again but she still has faith.
â€ She was saving up feelings for some man she had never seenâ€ (pg.72).As soon as Joe Spark dies Janie feels the sense of independence that she wants; however, she is still hasnâ€™t found her â€œbeeâ€ in order to secure her quest, but she found self worth and independence. â€œ The young girl was gone, but a handsome women had takem her place. â€œShe tore off the kerchief from her head and let down her plentiful hairâ€ (pg. 87). Janieâ€™s liberation of her best is depicted when she expresses how frustrated she is with her Nanny and how Nanny deceitfully portrayed love as money.
â€œHere Nanny had taken the biggest thing God ever made the horizon-for no matter how far a person can go the horizon is still way beyond youâ€ (pg.89). Shorlty after Janie starts to feel a sense of accomplishment for being independent, Tea Cake shows up. Tea Cake becomes the catalyst that influents Janie â€?s life long dream to become a reality.The moment Tea Cake met Jamie; Janie knew that it was love at first sight.
â€œ She couldnâ€™t make him look just like any other man to her He looked like the love thoughts of a women. He could be a bee to a blossom- a pear tree blossom in the spring. â€œHe was a glance from Godâ€ (pg..